With U.S. Forces in Iraq Beginning to Leave, Need for Private Guards Grows
Walter Pincus | Washington Post via YellowBrix
September 08, 2009
The United States also uses contractors when coalition forces withdraw. When Georgian soldiers left unexpectedly last August from a base near the Iranian border where they were providing security, private contractors replaced them.
The Central Command study found that of the armed private security personnel working in June, 623 were Americans, 1,029 were Iraqis and 11,580 were third-country nationals. Most of that group “were from countries such as Uganda and Kenya,” according to the inspector general’s report.
Under the new MNF-I contract, guards must be at least 21 years old, speak English “at a level necessary to give and receive situational reports,” and be an expatriate or an Iraqi, but the latter only when specifically allowed. Those who handle dogs used to inspect vehicles and search out explosives must be at least 25 years old and “must be expatriates.” Shift supervisors, who direct guard teams, must also be at least 25 and be fluent in reading and writing English.
The inspector general’s report shows that government estimates of the total cost of replacing soldiers with contractors are hidden in public accounting. The report notes that government services provided to the private guard force — food, housing and other benefits — are not considered, only payments going directly to the contractors. The report estimated that such services provided to private security personnel in the 12 months ending in March cost “more than $250 million,” at a time when listed outlays to the contractor firms in that period totaled $155 million.
In the new contracts, private contractors will continue to be allowed to use government dining facilities, living quarters, barber services, some transportation within Iraq and emergency medical care.
Another new contract, posted Sept. 3 for “Advisor & Atmospherics technical support services,” calls for providing information to senior commanders of U.S. forces in Iraq to assist them “in gaining a deeper understanding of the many complex issues across Iraq.” The aim is to provide “anecdotal information derived from varied native sources” so that commanders can become aware of “the Iraqi viewpoint of life in Iraq, the government of Iraq, U.S. forces, key events and other perceptions that are relevant to accomplishing the mission in Iraq.”
Photo courtesy of flickr under creative commons license