Federal Jobs in Engineering
Engineers advise on, administer, supervise, or perform research or other professional and scientific work of a special or miscellaneous character. These positions involve the application of a knowledge of such engineering fundamentals as the strength and strain analysis of engineering materials and structures, the physical and chemical characteristics of engineering materials. Below is a list of the various types of engineering specialties.Types of Engineers
Aerospace Engineers: design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles and supervise the manufacture of these products. Those who work with aircraft are called aeronautical engineers, and those working specifically with spacecraft are astronautical engineers.
Agricultural Engineers: apply knowledge of engineering technology and science to agriculture and the efficient use of biological resources.
Biomedical Engineers: develop devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems by combining their knowledge of biology and medicine with engineering principles and practices.
Chemical Engineers: apply the principles of chemistry to solve problems involving the production or use of chemicals and biochemicals.
Civil Engineers: design and supervise the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems.
Computer Engineers: research, design, develop, test, and oversee the installation of computer hardware and supervise its manufacture and installation. Hardware refers to computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems, and related equipment such as keyboards, modems, and printers.
Electrical Engineers: design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment. Some of this equipment includes electric motors; machinery controls, lighting, and wiring in buildings; automobiles; aircraft; radar and navigation systems; and power-generating, -controlling, and transmission devices used by electric utilities.
Environmental Engineers: develop solutions to environmental problems using the principles of biology and chemistry. They are involved in water and air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, and public health issues.
Health and Safety Engineers: promote worksite or product safety by applying knowledge of industrial processes and mechanical, chemical, and human performance principles. Using this specialized knowledge, they identify and measure potential hazards to people or property, such as the risk of fires or the dangers involved in the handling of toxic chemicals.
Industrial Engineers: determine the most effective ways to use the basic factors of production—people, machines, materials, information, and energy—to make a product or to provide a service.
Marine Engineers: are involved in the design, construction, and maintenance of ships, boats, and related equipment. They design and supervise the construction of everything from aircraft carriers to submarines, and from sailboats to tankers.
Materials Engineers: are involved in the development, processing, and testing of the materials used to create a range of products, from computer chips and television screens to golf clubs and snow skis. They work with metals, ceramics, plastics, semiconductors, and composites to create new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical, and chemical requirements.
Mechanical Engineers: research, develop, design, manufacture, and test tools, engines, machines, and other mechanical devices.
Mining Engineers: find, extract, and prepare coal, metals, and minerals for use by manufacturing industries and utilities. They design open-pit and underground mines, supervise the construction of mine shafts and tunnels in underground operations, and devise methods for transporting minerals to processing plants.
Nuclear Engineers: research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to derive benefits from nuclear energy and radiation.
Petroleum Engineers: search the world for reservoirs containing oil or natural gas. Once these resources are discovered, petroleum engineers work with geologists and other specialists to understand the geologic formation and properties of the rock containing the reservoir, determine the drilling methods to be used, and monitor drilling and production operations.
Software Engineering: develop and maintain computer software programs.
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