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Independent Agency Overview

Kyle Stone | GovCentral Contributing Writer

More than 200 years ago, the founders of the United States gathered in Philadelphia to create a constitution for a new national government and transform America into a self-governing nation. The Federal Government of the United States has been the centralized governmental system of America since the signing of the original U.S. Constitution, and operates with three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial.

Essentially an organization formed to produce public services, the government comprises a vast network of different organizations, agencies, and contracted workers. There are thousands of different government careers to choose from; this guide intends to help you learn more about each of the major government agencies in order to make an informed decision about where to apply to. A few numbers:

● With more than 1.8 million civilian employees, the Federal Government is the Nation’s largest employer.
● About 9 out of 10 Federal employees work outside the Washington, DC metropolitan area.
● Job growth generated by increased homeland security needs will be offset by projected declines in other Federal sectors; however, many job openings should arise from the need to replace workers who retire or leave the Federal Government for other reasons.
● Competition is expected for many Federal positions, especially during times of economic uncertainty, when workers seek the stability of Federal employment.

Overview of Departments

Social Security Administration
Operates various old age, survivor, and disability insurance programs.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Oversees aviation research and conducts exploration and research beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.

General Services Administration
Manages and protects Federal Government property and records.

Environmental Protection Agency
Runs programs to control and reduce pollution of the Nation’s water, air, and lands.


Overview of Federal Departments

Back to Step 1: Learn About Government Careers


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